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Monday, June 29, 2009

Physio's Dictionary : C

Physio's Dictionary : C

Calcaneal spur
Also called calcaneal enthesiopathy, where there is repetitive microtrauma at the attachment of the Achilles tendon resulting in the formation of a spur, extending from the calcaneum into the tendon.

Carpal tunnel
A "tunnel" formed at the wrist, by the flexor retinaculum and the carpal bones.

Carpal tunnel syndrome
Where there is compression of the median nerve in the carpal tunnel, resulting in sensory and motor disturbances of the hand.

Cauda equina
Lower end of the spinal cord.

Production of gas from liquid.

Central nervous system
The brain, spinal cord and spinal nerves.

Cervical spine
Seven vertebrae - C1 - C7. Articulate with the occiput superiorly and the T1 vertebra inferiorly. Commonly known as the neck.

Chondromalacia patellae
Common name given to softening of the articular cartilage on the undersurface of the patella. Commonly seen in adolescents and commonly associated with functional and biomechanical deficiencies of the patello-femoral joint.

ChoPat strap
An infrapatellar strap, commonly used in the treatment of patellar tendinitis or chondromalacia patellae.

Clarke's test
Compression of the patella with resisted knee extension. Commonly used as a test of chondromalacia patellae but has not been shown to be reliable.

Cloward's spots
Areas of referred pain in the thoracic spine, close to the scapulae, secondary to cervical spine disorders.



Pain around the coccyx. Often caused by local trauma, but may also be a referred pain syndrome from the lumbar spine.

Colle's fracture
A common fracture to the distal radius, usually brought about by a fall onto the outstretched hand.

Compartment syndrome
Exercise, or effort, induced pain syndrome, whereby the pain is due to the inability of the muscles within the compartment to expand. Often confirmed by using catheter pressure testing.

Conjoint tendon
The common tendinous insertion of transversus abdominis and internal oblique at the pectineal line.

A bruise, often associated with blunt trauma.

Continuous passive motion (CPM)
A form of passive mobilisation, assisting in the recovery of cartliage. Used commonly following knee reconstructions.

Coronary ligament
Lies on the anterior aspect of the knee and attaches the anterior horn of the medial meniscus to the tibial plateau.

Anti-inflammatory medication. Can be taken orally (not common) or as an injectable, particularly in superficial tissues undergoing inflammatory pathology.

See Corticosteroids.

Costochondral junction
Junction between rib and costal cartilage. Commonly disrupted in contact sports.

A grinding noise or sensation within a joint. Commonly felt in knees, particularly on change of position after a long period of time.

taken from : http://members.optusnet.com.au/physio/glossa_m.html#C

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